There are various second language acquisition strategies that have been established by language experts and the success of a language learning process relies on the effective use of such strategies. The second language acquisition strategies have been divided into the two categories; communicative strategies and learning strategies, however there are a number of other ways to categorize the strategies.
Learning strategies: these strategies are techniques that serve to improve or enhance the learning of a language by using mnemonics or a dictionary. Mnemonics is the path of learning things by associating them with pictures or objects that can be remembered. A dictionary can be used in order to find meaning and pronunciation of new words of the new language.
Strategy Acquisition Uncloaked…
Communicative strategies: communicative strategies are those strategies that are used by native speakers or learners to communicate or get the meaning across when they’re unsure of the correct word usage. Non-linguistic means like Mimes is an illustration of the communicative technique.
The lifetime of a digital strategy is a frequently debated subject. Given the different approaches, aims and strategies employed, there is very rarely a ‘one size fits all’ answer to questions about the length and lifecycle of the this strategy. Digital strategies don’t have lifetimes. Campaigns within a digital strategy are likely to get a set lifetime. However, the strategy continues with evaluated aims and successes from previous campaigns taken into account and expanded upon. This is why the visual representation of a digital strategy is circular, each campaign building and growing into the next.
It has been observed that as part of the process of second language acquisition, learners coming from diverse cultures use different strategies in different ways. This difference is also observed in the approach of men and female learners. If we go by the study reports, females are good at using the learning strategies more intensively than males. Also, statistically females enjoy better language learning skills than males.
Compensation strategies which are gesture or guessing strategies that are effective in overcoming deficiencies or weaknesses in the language knowledge.
Thus these are the effective second language acquisition strategies and these accompanied with the learning styles are the prerequisites of an influencing performance while learning a second language. The role and efficacy of these styles and strategies need more investigation. However, one thing is very important at this time and that is the use of these strategies by teachers through appropriate teacher training. Teachers should be in a position to design instructions or preferences according to the requirements of individual students as this can assist the students in improving their second language acquisition.